The chemical peeling is a medical procedure, by which it is aimed to smooth different imperfections of the skin – brown pigmentations, fine lines and wrinkles, inflammation and scars. During it, various weak acids are put on the surface of the face, which significantly affect its structure and appearance. The aim is to improve both the appearance of the skin by removing the damaged upper layer, but also its turgor by stimulating the formation of new collagen in the deeper skin layers. That way the skin becomes significantly fresher, fuller, younger, with a formed relief and reduced defects.
What are the main conditions for which a chemical peeling is used?
The chemical peeling is a procedure, used both for aesthetic and medicinal purposes.
With a chemical peeling it is possible to reduce fine lines and wrinkles, the size of the pores and the dark sports on the skin of the face and hands, as well as the depth of acne or chicken pox scars.
Chemical peeling is also used with a medicinal purpose – to reduce the inflammatory changes in acne or to reduce the scars, left after passing the active stage of the disease.
Types of chemical peelings
Depending on the depth of the effect of the acid, the chemical peeling is divided in superficial, medium deep and deep.
- The superficial peeling is usually made while applying an alpha hydroxy acids (AHA) – glycolic, lactic or other fruit acid. They are used when the desire is to correct fine lines, dry skin, pigmentations and acne. The superficial peeling is done once a week, but depending on the reaction and sensitivity of the treated skin, the period between the separate procedures may be increased or decreased. During the last 2-3 years in the practice the combining of the superficial peelings started. They combine the effect of a few different hydroxyl acids for achieving a specific effect. Depending on the combination of the acids, they could be aimed at brightening, rejuvenating the skin, anti-inflammatory effect in active acne and etc. You can find such peelings with your dermatologist and as well as cosmetic salons. They carry small risk of harming the skin with the possibility of achieving a medium effect on the skin.
- Medium-deep peeling is used to attempt to treat deeper lines and wrinkles, acne scars and pigmentations. The most commonly used chemical agent for medium-deep chemical peeling is the trichlor-vinegar-acid. Usually the acid is applied once a week, but with slower recovery it could be applied throughout longer periods of time. To achieve this type of peeling it’s better to trust a dermatologist, because of the higher risk of forming an inflammation and scarring if the procedure is carried out improperly. The effect of this kind of peeling is incredibly good if the procedure is done properly.
- Deep peeling is a procedure connected to many and serious side effects. Because of this is it rarely used in daily dermatologic practice. With it, a deep skin peel is achieved and it can help correct deep wrinkles and scars. However, the used chemical agents are toxic and can lead to an overall damage of the organism, because of which the dose should be according to the overall condition of the patient.
Is a special preparation needed in order to carry out a chemical peeling?
Chemical peeling does not require any special preparation of the skin. However, it is possible that your doctor may give you specific advice and recommend using a specific medical or cosmetic product before the peeling until the procedure itself. The most common recommendation is stopping active cosmetics 2-3 days before the day of the chemical peel. It is important to use sunscreen before and after the therapy.
The only type of peeling which requires considerable preparation and an overall assessment of the condition is the deep peeling.
Do you need to take care of the skin after the peeling?
After chemical peeling, the skin becomes significantly more sensitive, which means you should take specific care of it until it is fully recovered. This period can go in different ways – depending on the depth of the peeling.
With superficial peeling, the skin is slightly to medium reddened for a period of a few hours to 24 hours after the procedure. Gradually the redness fades and the upper layer of dead skin cells starts to peel off.
With medium-deep peeling, the skin is medium reddened right after the procedure, and gradually thickens, and in 36 hours a thick red-brown layer is formed, which starts to chap and peels off from the skin in the form of large flakes.
Regardless of the depth of the peeling it’s important to apply sunscreen with maximally high factor, throughout the recovery process. To speed up the recovery after the procedure itself you could apply epitheliazative and antiseptic cream, which would speed up the skin’s recovery.